Genetic studies of the B-glucan content of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) by Reginald C. M. Lance

Cover of: Genetic studies of the B-glucan content of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) | Reginald C. M. Lance

Published .

Written in English

Read online

Subjects:

  • Barley -- Genetics.,
  • Barley.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby Reginald C.M. Lance.
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 168 leaves, bound :
Number of Pages168
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16568335M

Download Genetic studies of the B-glucan content of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

Previous QTL studies across different barley populati 40 – 43 identified several genomic regions (1 H, 2 H, 3 H, 5 H and 7 H mainly) collocating with genes putatively involved in the synthesis, remodelling or degradation of (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan which could contribute to the variation in grain (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan by: 2.

In barley, the β-D-glucans content most often ranges between 2–8% (Pérez-Vendr ell et al., ) and have both malting and nutritional sig- nifi cance (Macháň et al., ).

Genetic studies of β-glucan in populations derived from doubled haploid (DH) and single seed descent lines from various crosses (Pow-ell et al., ) found that β-glucan in barley is controlled by a simple additive genetic system. Using DH lines derived from the cross ‘Steptoe’/ ‘Morex’, Han et al.

() studied quantitative. The content of (1→3, 1→4)-β-glucan (BG) in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) has become a breeding target due to the human health benefits of BG.

The genetic mechanisms involved on oat b-glucan synthesis are scarce in the literature. b-glucan content is a genetic system for barley and Genetic studies from the seedling test of F2 and. The barley flour diet was adjusted so that the final percentages of protein, fat and carbohydrate were roughly equal.

The barley flour group diet contains % (LBG; general barley) or 2% (HBG; Beau Fiber) b-glucan in total diet. Purity and molecular weight of barley β-glucan in HFD is % and kDa, respectively. This book summarizes the advanced knowledge of the composition of the barley genome, its genes and the much larger non-coding part of the genome, and how this information facilitates studying the specific characteristics of barley.

β-Glucan content QTLs were studied in the KO and the KM mapping populations (Kianian et al ). Studies in barley had identified two β-glucan QTLs, on barley chromosomes 1 and 2 (Han et al ), which by comparative mapping correspond to KO or KM linkage groups 3 and 11 and their homoeologs.

In the KO population, four or five QTLs were. Right: SEM of barley grain after micro-malting showing a friable structure with starch granules readily accessible for enzymic degradation.

Good malting varieties also have thin cell walls with low levels of the polysaccharide, b-glucan, the content of which is determined by several genetic factors, or Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs).

Barley Derived Glucan. The molecule of Beta glucan is a soluble type of fiber found in mushrooms, yeast, oats and barley. Research has been completed on all sources of Beta glucan and all have shown some positive effect of Beta glucan on the body.

Despite all we know about CslF6, at this time only induced mutations have been shown to have a direct to impact on the (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan content of barley grain [30, 46].

We failed to detect at least two other loci that have been implicated in grain (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan content from recent genetic studies. Deepak Mudgil, in Dietary Fiber for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, β-Glucan. β-Glucan is a water-soluble dietary fiber obtained from oats, barley, bacteria, yeast, algae, and mushrooms [29].Cell wall of the baker’s yeast, that is, Saccharomyces cerevisiae is most abundant in β-glucan.

β-Glucan is a water-soluble polysaccharide consists of glucose units. The in vitro studies of different β-glucan sources revealed that it can enhance the growth of bacterial strains such as Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium animalis lactis.

In yogurt, β-glucans of barley and oats were found to. The impact of genetic and environmental variations, for the β-glucan content in barley, has been studied, and the genetic factors have been found to be the most important determinant of β-glucan.

Abstract Genetic analysis of β-glucan and protein content was conducted using an eight parent (ICNBF, ICB, ICNBF, SB, ICNBF, BBSC congana, Petuina2 &. Total and soluble β-glucan content and effects of various treatments of barley grain on extractability and molecular characteristics of soluble β-glucan were studied.

Four types of hulless barley (normal, high amylose, waxy, and zero amylose waxy) from 29 registered and experimental genotypes were analyzed. For each, moisture, protein, amylose, kernel weight, starch, β-glucan (total and.

In other studies, GWAS had been conducted to explore the genetic factor underlying drought tolerance agronomic traits e.g. grain yield, TGW, peduncle, leaf, and spike length and physiological parameters e.g.

water use efficiency and water content among 2H (–), 3H (24–25), 4H (49–55) and 5H (48–49 and –) are important. Pilot scale brews were prepared either with % barley malt (BM ) or 60% barley malt and 40% unmalted wheat (BM 60 W 40).

Arabinoxylan and β-glucan hydrolyzing enzyme activities were determined during mashing using two temperature profiles. The measured enzymic activities increased for the BM and BM 60 W 40 mashes in the early stages. (hereafter Spontaneum) is the progenitor of barley and represents an important genetic resource in barley breeding for traits such as powdery mildew, leaf scald or leaf rust resistance [25–31], yield, drought and temperature tolerance [33,34] and agronomic traits such as malting quality [35,36].

Reading this up-to-date book reminds one as much of a textbook as a B-glucan content, B-amylase, and QTLs for malting quality. Interestingly, the and genetic studies in the past decades that resulted in a breadth of information and tools that have been used to develop wheat, barley and rye varieties with.

Be aware and suspicious of broad health claims in supplements unsubstantiated by science and cautiously evaluate scientific research on glucan compositions that differ substantially from the product being sold (examples: insoluble-particulate glucans research to support soluble glucan, or yeast beta glucan (Beta-1,3-(D) or Beta-1,3/1,6) studies to support oat and barley derived glucan (beta 1.

Genomic and Genetic Studies 15 of Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Barley Stephanie Saade, Sónia Negrão, Darren Plett, Trevor Garnett and Mark Tester Abstract Barley is a resilient crop plant with higher tolerance than other cereal plants for several types of abiotic stress.

In this chapter, we describe the genetic components underlying. Abstract. Barley is a resilient crop plant with higher tolerance than other cereal plants for several types of abiotic stress. In this chapter, we describe the genetic components underlying barley’s response to abiotic stresses, including soil acidity, boron toxicity, soil.

The content of β-glucans in barley is influenced by both genetic and environmental factors and the interactions between the two (Andersson, Elfverson, Andersson, Regner, & Åman, ). Han et al. () noted that the largest effect on the content of β-glucans in barley was associated with a locus on chromosome 2(2H).

The cholesterol-lowering effect of cereal grains has been associated with the soluble fiber component of dietary fiber. β-Glucan is the major soluble fiber component of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and oat (Avena sativa L.).Much research has been conducted to determine the β-glucan content of barley and oat genotypes from many different countries.

Quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis of genes controlling mature barley grain β-glucan content, coupled with the identification of CslFgenes in a syntenic region of the rice genome, was the first step towards isolating the genes involved in β-glucan biosynthesis.

b-Glucan Lpa Cereal grains abstract Rapid and economical measurement of amylose content in barley is important for genetic study and breeding improvement of this trait. Seventeen genotypes with a wide range of amylose contents were used to compare the amylose measurement accuracy of the cost-effective iodine–potassium iodide (I:KI).

health-beneficial component b-glucan, which is currently the main impetus behind much of the breeding effort in oats for human consumption. Several studies(22–26) have been under-taken in this respect and have identified that the existing range of b-glucan content generally falls within 25–83% (dry grain).

Izydorczyk MS, Storsley J, Labossiere D, MacGregor A. W, Rossnagel BG () Variation in total and soluble b-glucan content in hulless barley: effects of thermal, physical, and enzymic treatments.

J of Agric and Food Chem – A mutation of the cellulose-synthase-like (CslF6) gene in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) partially affects the b-glucan content in grains Gongshe Hua,*, Charlotte Burtona, Zonglie Hongb, Eric Jacksona aUSDA-ARS, S W, Aberdeen, IDUSA b Department of Plant, Soil, and Entomological Sciences, Program of Microbiology, Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of Idaho, Moscow.

Harberd, N.P. & K.J. Edwards: Further studies on the alcohol dehydrogenases in barley: evidence for a third alcohol dehydrogenase locus and data on the effect of analcohol dehydrogenase-1 null mutation in homozygous and in heterozygous condition.

Modern genetic studies (8) suggest that most of the modern barley now grown in northern Europe derives from landraces originating from these aboriginal forms, which have spread from these areas. In the transition from wild to domesticated barley the amount.

Oats are a rich source of β-glucan, a viscous, soluble fibre recognised for its cholesterol-lowering attenuation of blood cholesterol levels by oats was first reported in in a study that substituted white bread for oat bread containing g of rolled oats (Reference de Groot, Luyken and Pikaar 1).Since then, a large number of studies have been conducted to assess the.

A commercially available enzymic method for the quantitative measurement of (1→3),(1→4)-β-glucan has been simplified to allow analysis of up to 10 grain samples in 70 min or of – samples by a single operator in a day.

BARLEY. Studies of barley domestication have progressed rapidly over the past few years (Pourkheirandish and Komatsuda, ).The phylogenetic relationships and population genetic structures of barley and its wild progenitor Hordeum spontaneum were analyzed using various types of molecular markers.

Genes controlling key domestication traits were fine mapped or cloned. ical traits (b-glucan content, earliness, salt tolerance, sprouting resistance, etc.) of the newly developed introgression lines is given. The exploitation and possible use of wheat/barley introgression lines for the most up-to-date molecular genetic studies (transcriptome analysis, sequencing of flow-sorted chromosomes) are also discussed.

promises exploitation of genetic diversity and negatively impacts genetic studies and plant breeding. Approximately Gb or 48% of the genetically anchored physical map (Gb) was assigned to these regions (Fig. 1 and Supplementary Fig.

11). Repetitive nature of the barley genome A characteristic of the barley genome is the abundance of. β-D-Glucan from barley may be used to identify, differentiate and characterize β-D-glucan hydrolase(s). Other Notes Physicochemical properties and technological and nutritional significance of cereal β-glucans ; Barley β-glucans - their role in malting and brewing ; In studies.

Informed collecting, conservation, monitoring and utilization of genetic diversity requires knowledge of the distribution and structure of the variation occurring in a species.

Hordeum vulgare subsp. spontaneum (K. Koch) Thell., a primary wild relative of barley, is an important source of genetic diversity for barley improvement and co-occurs with the domesticate within the center of origin.

Goals / Objectives The primary objective of the barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) breeding program is to develop and release improved barley cultivars for production in North Dakota. New cultivars should be acceptable to growers and those who use or process barley.

The specific objective are: (1) to develop improved two-rowed barley cultivars for western North Dakota and six-rowed barley cultivars. Recent genetic studies of wild and landrace (primitive domesticate) barley collections [15, 16] and evidence of independent origins of important domestication-related traits [17–19] support the hypothesis of at least two independent domestication events followed by some degree of admixture among domesticates from distinct portions of the.This book presents an overview of the state-of-the-art in barley genome analysis, covering all aspects of sequencing the genome and translating this important information into new knowledge in basic and applied crop plant biology and new tools for research and crop improvement.).

Independent studies in oat and barley have dem-onstrated a positive relationship between viscosity and b-glucan concentration (Chernyshova et al. ; Izydorczyk et al. ). Thus, b-glucan concentration is a good target for selection in oat breeding programs.

An unintended consequence of the breeding process is.

27530 views Monday, November 9, 2020